2016年2月9日 星期二

The Season of Lent 2016年大齋節期

The Season of Lent 2016年大齋節期
黃春生牧師
主題:與耶穌一同退到曠野
時間:大齋節期亦稱四旬期(Lent)是受難日前的四十日(扣除主日)。今年(2016)年的大齋節期從2/10(聖灰日)至3/24(聖週四、聖餐日)為止,共44天,如果扣除四個主日,則是40天。

大齋首日是從聖灰日(Ash Wednesday)開始的,傳統上稱為聖灰日、撒灰日、或塗灰日。從聖灰日開始就進入大齋節期(Lent),直到受難日(Good Friday)前,在此期間教會的佈置也以象徵懺悔的紫色為主。

大齋節期是復活節節期前的四十日(扣除五個主日及棕樹主日)。大齋節期的第一日都是禮拜三,傳統上稱為聖灰日、撒灰節或聖灰三(Ash Wednesday)。從撒灰節開始就進入大齋節期(Lent),前後共有五個主日接著進入受難週,在此期間教會的佈置也以象徵懺悔的紫色為主。
在聖灰日,神職人員會把去年棕樹主日所用的樹枝燒成灰,將灰在信徒額上畫十字,提醒大家:人啊!要知道你是塵土,也要歸於塵土。在大齋節期中思想生命的脆弱,並加以克己、悔罪,仰望基督的救贖所帶來永生的盼望。
羅馬天主教或具傳統的教會特別會在受難週的禮拜四晚上舉行聖餐(the Lord’s Supper),以紀念主耶穌為門徒洗腳並設立聖餐,這一天又稱為Holy Thursday(聖週四)。在台灣基督長老教會中,則在受難日(聖週五, Good Friday)舉行受難日紀念禮拜,並舉行聖餐。

顏色:這段期間,教會的布置會以代表皇室尊貴的紫色為主,以迎接寶座上的君王。 
經課:按普世教會三年一輪的經課表,2015待降節至2016年在教會年曆上是屬於C年。
Lent
Year C
First readingPsalmSecond readingGospel
Ash Wednesday
February 10, 2016
ART -- PRAYER
Joel 2:1-2, 12-17
or
Isaiah 58:1-12
Psalm 51:1-172 Corinthians 5:20b-6:10Matthew 6:1-6, 16-21
First Sunday in Lent
February 14, 2016
ART -- PRAYER
Deuteronomy 26:1-11Psalm 91:1-2, 9-16Romans 10:8b-13Luke 4:1-13
Second Sunday in Lent
February 21, 2016
ART -- PRAYER
Genesis 15:1-12, 17-18Psalm 27Philippians 3:17-4:1Luke 13:31-35
or
Luke 9:28-36, (37-43a)
Third Sunday in Lent
February 28, 2016
ART -- PRAYER
Isaiah 55:1-9Psalm 63:1-81 Corinthians 10:1-13Luke 13:1-9
Fourth Sunday in Lent
March 6, 2016
ART -- PRAYER
Joshua 5:9-12Psalm 322 Corinthians 5:16-21Luke 15:1-3, 11b-32
Fifth Sunday in Lent
March 13, 2016
ART -- PRAYER
Isaiah 43:16-21Psalm 126Philippians 3:4b-14John 12:1-8
Liturgy of the Palms
March 20, 2016
Sixth Sunday in Lent
ART -- PRAYER
Psalm 118:1-2, 19-29Luke 19:28-40
Liturgy of the Passion
March 20, 2016
Sixth Sunday in Lent
ART -- PRAYER
Isaiah 50:4-9aPsalm 31:9-16Philippians 2:5-11Luke 22:14-23:56
or
Luke 23:1-49

受難週的經課:
Holy Week
Year C
First readingPsalmSecond readingGospel
Monday of Holy Week
March 21, 2016
ART -- PRAYER
Isaiah 42:1-9Psalm 36:5-11Hebrews 9:11-15John 12:1-11
Tuesday of Holy Week
March 22, 2016
ART -- PRAYER
Isaiah 49:1-7Psalm 71:1-141 Corinthians 1:18-31John 12:20-36
Wednesday of Holy Week
March 23, 2016
ART -- PRAYER
Isaiah 50:4-9aPsalm 70Hebrews 12:1-3John 13:21-32
Maundy Thursday
March 24, 2016
Holy Thursday
ART -- PRAYER
Exodus 12:1-4, (5-10), 11-14Psalm 116:1-2, 12-191 Corinthians 11:23-26John 13:1-17, 31b-35
Good Friday
March 25, 2016
ART -- PRAYER
Isaiah 52:13-53:12Psalm 22Hebrews 10:16-25
or
Hebrews 4:14-16; 5:7-9
John 18:1-19:42
Holy Saturday
March 26, 2016
ART -- PRAYER
Job 14:1-14
or
Lamentations 3:1-9, 19-24
Psalm 31:1-4, 15-161 Peter 4:1-8Matthew 27:57-66
or
John 19:38-42

復活節經課: 
Easter
Year C
First readingPsalmSecond readingGospel
Easter Vigil
March 26, 2016
ART -- PRAYER
Old Testament Readings and Psalms
  • Genesis 1:1-2:4a and Psalm 136:1-9, 23-26
  • Genesis 7:1-5, 11-18; 8:6-18; 9:8-13 and Psalm 46
  • Genesis 22:1-18 and Psalm 16
  • Exodus 14:10-31; 15:20-21 and Exodus 15:1b-13, 17-18
  • Isaiah 55:1-11 and Isaiah 12:2-6
  • Baruch 3:9-15, 3:32-4:4 or Proverbs 8:1-8, 19-21; 9:4b-6 and Psalm 19
  • Ezekiel 36:24-28 and Psalm 42, 43
  • Ezekiel 37:1-14 and Psalm 143
  • Zephaniah 3:14-20 and Psalm 98
New Testament Reading and Psalm
  • Romans 6:3-11 and Psalm 114
Gospel
  • Luke 24:1-12
Resurrection of the Lord
March 27, 2016
Easter Day
ART -- PRAYER
*Acts 10:34-43
or
Isaiah 65:17-25
Psalm 118:1-2, 14-241 Corinthians 15:19-26
or
Acts 10:34-43
John 20:1-18
or
Luke 24:1-12
Easter Evening
March 27, 2016
ART -- PRAYER
Isaiah 25:6-9Psalm 1141 Corinthians 5:6b-8Luke 24:13-49
Second Sunday of Easter
April 3, 2016
ART -- PRAYER
*Acts 5:27-32Psalm 118:14-29
or
Psalm 150
Revelation 1:4-8John 20:19-31
Third Sunday of Easter
April 10, 2016
ART -- PRAYER
*Acts 9:1-6, (7-20)Psalm 30Revelation 5:11-14John 21:1-19
Fourth Sunday of Easter
April 17, 2016
ART -- PRAYER
*Acts 9:36-43Psalm 23Revelation 7:9-17John 10:22-30
Fifth Sunday of Easter
April 24, 2016
ART -- PRAYER
*Acts 11:1-18Psalm 148Revelation 21:1-6John 13:31-35
Sixth Sunday of Easter
May 1, 2016
ART -- PRAYER
*Acts 16:9-15Psalm 67Revelation 21:10, 22-22:5John 14:23-29
or
John 5:1-9
Ascension of the Lord
May 5, 2016
ART -- PRAYER
*Acts 1:1-11Psalm 47
or
Psalm 93
Ephesians 1:15-23Luke 24:44-53
Seventh Sunday of Easter
May 8, 2016
(If Ascension not observed here)
ART -- PRAYER
*Acts 16:16-34Psalm 97Revelation 22:12-14, 16-17, 20-21John 17:20-26
Day of Pentecost
May 15, 2016
ART -- PRAYER
*Acts 2:1-21
or
Genesis 11:1-9
Psalm 104:24-34, 35bRomans 8:14-17
or
Acts 2:1-21
John 14:8-17, (25-27)

省思
初代教會以來,基督徒在這段時間必須潔淨、齋戒,以撒灰懺悔的態度等待受難週的來臨。這個傳統如今仍保留在東方正教(又稱希臘正教)裡,也見於羅馬天主教、聖公會、英國安立甘教會及少數基督新教裡面。
通過為期四十日之久的齋戒,一方面是體驗耶穌在曠野受魔鬼試探四十日的精神,一方面也是為了幫助信徒在受難週來臨前,過個警醒與悔改的生活。雖然今日長老教會不要求信徒禁食嚴守四十日的大齋節期,但是我們也可以利用這段時間懺悔、靈修,體驗耶穌在曠野四十天的操練。至少,我們可以在大齋節期的最後一週--耶穌基督受難週(2016.3.20-26),一起來思考耶穌為人類的救贖所受的苦難。因此,在受難週期間我們應該避免參加喜慶宴樂,也不要外出旅遊,一起和全世界的教會兄姊一起守節,一起參加教會在受難週所舉辦的祈禱會與禮拜。

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